The Nile River is the longest river in the world with a length of more than 6.6 thousand kilometers. The river passes from its sources in Lake Victoria and the Ethiopian plateau in 11 countries.
The Nile has two main tributaries: the White Nile and the Blue Nile.
The White Nile is the source of the Nile itself or the farthest source, while the Blue Nile is the source of most of the water in the river, as it contains 68% of water and silt. The White Nile is longer than the Blue Nile and originates in the Great Lakes region of central Africa.
From Lake Tana, Ethiopia, the source of the Blue Nile, the waters of the Nile continue to flow north towards Sudan.
Before the Blue Nile reaches the capital, Khartoum, to meet the White Nile, the Blue Nile crosses the Roseires Dam reservoir, which is located in eastern Sudan 60 km from the border with Ethiopia.
The Nile River plays an important role in Egypt, as this river supplies Egypt with about 98% of its water needs.
Benefits of the Nile River The Nile River is characterized by its many benefits that benefit humans, including Irrigation, Transportation and Production of electrical energy through the construction of dams.
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